Richard Rodgers (1902-1979) was an American composer and conductor who was active in the 20th century. He was born in New York City, and studied music at the Institute of Musical Art (now Juilliard). He composed over 40 Broadway musicals as well as film scores in collaboration with lyricist Lorenz Hart and later with Oscar Hammerstein II.
Rodgers was known for his melodic and harmonically interesting compositions, which often incorporated elements of jazz and popular music. He wrote many musicals, and over 900 songs. Rodgers was one of the most well-known American composers of the 20th century, and his compositions had a significant influence on popular music.
Rodgers was the first person to win all four of the top American entertainment awards in theater, film, recording, and television: a Tony, an Oscar, a Grammy, and an Emmy. He was also awarded a Pulitzer Prize.