Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) was an Austrian composer and one of the most important figures in the development of classical music. He was born in Rohrau, Austria, and received his musical education in Vienna, where he studied with a number of prominent musicians of the time, including Georg Reutter. Haydn is considered one of the “fathers of the symphony” and is known for his contributions to the development of the classical sonata and string quartet, as well as his numerous symphonies, operas, and other works. Haydn’s music is characterized by its formal structure, strong melodies, and innovative use of form and harmony. He was a highly influential composer during his lifetime and his music continues to be widely performed and admired today.